Dollar Soars to Two-Decade High; Safe Haven Demand on Global Growth Fears

© Reuters

By Peter Nurse – The U.S. dollar soared to a two-decade high in early European trade Monday, with traders seeking out this safe haven amid concerns about global economic growth as well as searching for yield. 

At 2:50 AM ET (0650 GMT), the , which tracks the greenback against a basket of six other currencies, gained 0.5% to 104.170, rising to levels not seen in 20 years after rising for a fifth week in a row last week.

The war in Ukraine and tighter lockdowns against COVID-19 in Beijing and Shanghai have created uncertainty over economic growth in Europe and Asia.

This week sees the release of Germany’s and preliminary first quarter data from the U.K., and these are likely to point to slowing growth in two of Europe’s largest economies.

Data earlier Monday from China showed the country’s slowed to single digits in April, growing 3.9% in April from a year earlier, compared with the 14.7% growth reported in March. The growth was the slowest since June 2020.

By contrast, data released on Friday showed that U.S. increased 428,000 in April, more than expected. This suggests the demand for labor remains strong, with businesses scrambling to hire enough workers to keep up with resilient consumer demand.

fell 0.4% to 1.0509, marginally above its recent low of 1.0469, rose 0.4% to 131.12, at a two-decade high, while fell 0.5% to 1.2277, at a new 22-month low, despite the Bank of England’s decision to lift on Thursday for the fourth meeting in a row.

“One of the big differences between the Fed and the BoE is that U.S. inflation is more domestically generated from tight labor markets and the huge fiscal stimulus seen over recent years,” said analysts at ING, in a note.

The U.S. Federal Reserve last week a 50 basis point hike, its largest increase since 2000, and the yield on benchmark 10-year U.S. government bonds has continued to climb ahead of Wednesday’s figures on fears of an upside surprise.

Futures markets are pricing a 75% chance of a 75 bp rate rise at the Fed’s next in June and more than 200 bps of tightening by year’s end.

Policy members at the European Central Bank have also started talking more openly about hiking rates, with Austrian central bank governor Robert Holzmann, a known hawk, stating in a newspaper interview over the weekend that the central bank should raise interest rates as many as three times this year to combat inflation.

However, “given that around 90bp of ECB tightening is already priced by year-end, we do not think a further round of ECB hawkish talk is enough to provide much support to EUR/USD,” added ING.

“Instead, the Fed story and weak growth in Europe and China are likely to see EUR/USD trading on the soft side of a 1.0500-1.0650 range, with risks skewed towards a break down to the 2016 lows of 1.0350.”

Elsewhere, rose 0.8% to 6.7200, at a fresh 18-month low after the country’s trade data and with Covid-19 lockdowns remaining in place, while fell 1.1% to 0.7000, just off January’s low.




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